Speakers - 2016 Wroclaw Global Forum

Anders Åslund is a Resident Senior Fellow with the Dinu Patriciu Eurasia Center at the Atlantic Council. He is a leading specialist on the East European economies, especially Russia and Ukraine. He also teaches at Georgetown University, and he has served as an economic adviser to several governments, notably to the Russian government from 1991 to 1994, and to the Ukrainian government from 1994 to 1997. Dr. Åslund is the author of thirteen books, most recently Ukraine: What Went Wrong and How to Fix It (Peterson Institute, 2015). He also served as a Swedish diplomat in Kuwait, Geneva, Poland, Moscow, and Stockholm. From 1994 to 2005, he worked at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace as a Senior Associate and Director of the Russian and Eurasian Program. In parallel, he was codirecting the program on post-Soviet economies at the Carnegie Moscow Center. He was a Senior Fellow at the Peter G. Peterson Institute for International Economics in Washington, DC from 2006 to 2015. He was awarded the Golden Sign of the Order of Merit of the Republic of Poland by President Lech Walesa in July 1991; the Cross of Recognition of the Fourth Class of Latvia by President Andris Berzins on May 4, 2013; and the Leontieff Award in St. Petersburg, 2008. He is Chairman of the Advisory Council of the Center for Social and Economic Research (CASE), Warsaw and of the Board of International Advisors, Bank of Finland Institute of Transition.
Mr. Aziz was the Prime Minister of Pakistan from 2004 to 2007. He was previously the Finance Minister of Pakistan. Mr. Aziz was the first Prime Minister of Pakistan to complete a full term in office.

Mr. Aziz had a 30-year career in global finance at Citibank. While at Citi he served in various capacities and countries including Pakistan, Greece, the United States, the United Kingdom, Malaysia and Singapore. He served as head of Corporate and Investment Banking for various regions, Corporate Planning Officer, Country Manager for Citibank in Malaysia and Jordan, and as a board member of several Citibank subsidiaries.. He was appointed Executive Vice President in 1992 and later named head of Citibank’s Global Private Bank based in New York.

Mr. Aziz serves on several boards and advisory boards of profit and non-profit organizations and is a frequent speaker on economic, political and foreign policy matters. He graduated from Gordon College in Rawalpindi in 1967 and received an MBA in 1969 from the Institute of Business Administration in Karachi.
John Baird is the Vice President of Poland Integrated Air and Missile Defense at Raytheon. Before assuming this position, he was a Director at Raytheon from 2009 to 2013. Baird was also Director at Raytheon’s Rapid Initiatives Group.

Baird has a bachelor’s degree in engineering from Clarkson University.
Henryk Baranowski is the CEO of Polska Grupa Energetyczna. His appointment marked his return to PGE, as he had served as the Board’s Vice President from 2006 to 2008.

Before returning to PGE he was the Undersecretary of State at the Polish Ministry of Treasury from November 2015, where he was responsible for corporate governance.

Prior to working in the government he worked at Alstom power for over two years, initially as a Business Development Director and then as the Country Sales Director. Baranowski had also served as President of the Board of the state owned Polish Transmission System Operator (PSA) from 2001 to 2006.
Tyson Barker is the rapporteur of the recently released “Building a Transatlantic Digital Marketplace: Twenty Steps Toward 2020” report, which is part of the Atlantic Council’s Task Force On Advancing A Transatlantic Digital Agenda.

Before working with the Atlantic Council he worked at US Department of State from 2014 to 2015 as a Senior Advisor to the Assistant Secretary of State for European and Eurasian Affairs, where he was responsible for Congressional outreach on a number of different areas including Ukraine, TTIP, anti-Isil efforts and NATO among others. Prior to joining the State Department Barker worked at the Bertelsmann Foundation from 2008 to 2016, ultimately becoming the Director of Transatlantic Relations in 2011.

Barker is also Fellow at the Truman National Security Project.
Michael Barnier currently serves as the Special Adviser to the President on European Defence and Security for the European Commission. He previously served as European Commissioner in the Prodi (1999-2004) and Barroso II (2010-14) Commissions. In 2001 he chaired the Working Group on European Defense as a member of the Praesidium of the Convention on the Future of Europe. He was Minister of Foreign Affairs in the French government (2004-05). In 2006 Mr. Barnier, acting as Special Advisor to then Commission President José Manuel Barroso, presented a report to the European Council proposing the creation of a European civil protection force. In the Barroso II Commission, he was one of those leading the 'Defense' Task Force and oversaw the European Commission's Communication on European defense markets presented to the European Council in December 2013. As Special Advisor, Mr. Barnier has helped prepare the contribution of the President of the European Commission to the European Council's work on European defense policy.
Marek Belka is the President of the National Bank of Poland. Prior to assuming his current role in 2010, he was the country’s Prime Minister from 2004 to 2005. He also served as Finance Minister twice, once in 2002 and earlier from 1996 to 1997.

Outside of Poland, Belka has years of experience on the international economic administration. In parallel to serving as National Bank Governor he was also the Chairman of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and World Bank Development Committee from November 2011 to February 2015. Before heading the National Bank of Poland, he served as the International Monetary Fund’s European Department Director from 2008 to 2010. This followed his tenure as Executive Secretary of the Economic Commission for Europe at the United Nations from 2006 to 2008. Prior to that he was the Chairman of the Council for International Coordination for Iraq in 2003 and the Director of Economic Policy in the Coalition Provisional Authority (2003-04), where he oversaw a number of important initiatives such as currency reform and the formation of a new Iraqi banking system. Belka has been an economics professor since 1994.
Former Prime Minister of Poland, Minister for European Integration, Co-Founder of the Liberal-Democratic Congress and Freedom Union, and the Executive Director at the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development in London, Jan Krzysztof Bielecki has been active on the political and economic stage for over two decades. He was the President and Chief Executive Officer at Pekao Bank S.A. from October 2003 until January 2010. From 2008 until 2013 he was a Member of the Board of Trustees of the National Museum. In 2013 Ministry of Culture and National Heritage extended his membership in the Board of Trustees until 2018.
In November 2009 he was appointed as the President of the Polish Institute of International Affairs Council (PISM) and served until December 2015. It is a leading and independent think-tank that conducts original, policy-focused research. PISM provides advice to all branches of government and contributes to wider debates on international relations in Europe and beyond.
In March 2010 he was nominated by Prime Minister Donald Tusk as the Chairman of the Economic Council and served until December 2014. The primary task of it is to provide the Prime Minister with an independent and objective opinions both on the current and planned government activities. Another objective of the Council is to assess Poland’s socio-economic situation in comparison with other emerging as well as developed economies.
In January 2015 Mr. Bielecki joined EY Poland as Chairman of the Partners Board.
Dr. Mathew J. Burrows serves as the Director of the Atlantic Council's Strategic Foresight Initiative in the Brent Scowcroft Center on International Security. He was appointed Counselor to the National Intelligence Council (NIC) in 2007 and Director of the Analysis and Production Staff (APS) in 2010. He was the principal drafter for the NIC publication Global Trends 2030: Alternative Worlds, which received widespread recognition and praise in the international media and among academics and think tanks. In 2005, he was asked to set up and direct the NIC's new Long Range Analysis Unit, which is now known as the Strategic Futures Group.

Burrows joined the Central Intelligence Agency in 1986, where he served as Analyst for the Directorate of Intelligence (DI), covering Western Europe, including the development of European institutions such as the European Union. Other previous positions included assignments as Special Assistant to UN Ambassador Richard Holbrooke (1999-2001) and Deputy National Security Advisor to US Treasury Secretary Paul O'Neill (2001-02). He is a member of the DI's Senior Analyst Service.
Frances G. Burwell is Vice President, European Union and Special Initiatives, at the Atlantic Council. She has served as Director of the Council’s Program on Transatlantic Relations, and as Interim Director of the Global Business and Economics Program.

Her work focuses on the European Union and US-EU relations as well as a range of transatlantic economic, political, and defense issues. She is the principal US-based organizer of the Wrocław Global Forum, held annually in Poland, which is the European home of the Atlantic Council’s Freedom Awards. Among her publications are: A Transatlantic Approach to Europe’s East: Relaunching the Eastern Partnership; Shoulder to Shoulder: Forging a Strategic US-EU Partnership; Rethinking the Russia Reset; and Transatlantic Leadership for a New Global Economy. She is also a frequent commentator on European politics and transatlantic relations, with interviews and op-eds appearing in theHuffington Post, Financial Times, Christian Science Monitor, al-Jazeera, BBC, and CCTV, among others.

Prior to joining the Council, Dr. Burwell was Executive Director of the Center for International and Security Studies at the University of Maryland and also served as Founding Executive Director of Women In International Security, She has a doctorate from the University of Maryland, an MPhil from Oxford University, and a BA from Mount Holyoke College.
Jacek Carbol is an experienced manager and investment executive. He currently serves as Investment Director at the Polish Development Fund. Prior to moving to private equity, he worked for PricewaterhouseCoopers’ corporate finance team in Warsaw, and Monitor Group's management consulting practice in New York City, Boston, Paris, and Lyon. In 2006, he moved back to Poland to join Innova Capital and Value4Capital (V4C) fund, focused on the CEE region, as Investment Director. While at V4C, he carried out a number of private equity transactions, including buyouts of Home.pl S.A. and Konlnet S.A., where as a supervisory board member, he led a consolidation strategy and managed restructuring and merger processes. Carbol has also headed a corporate supervision and restructuring unit for PKP Intercity. He is a supervisory board member of Sheepla S.A. and Chairman of the supervisory board of Wars S.A. He graduated from the Warsaw School of Economics (master’s in finance and banking) and Université Catholique de Louvain, Belgium (CEMS, Master in International Management). He is also certified to be a member of the supervisory boards of Polish State Treasury companies.
Nighat Dad is a Pakistani lawyer and Internet activist who founded the not-for-profit organization Digital Rights Foundation. She specializes in criminal, family, and digital law; skills she has used in her fight against online harassment. She founded the Digital Rights Foundation in 2012 to help educate Pakistani internet users, especially women, on how to protect themselves from online harassment. With the organization, she hosts many seminars that provide women with tools to help protect themselves online, such as how to adjust their privacy settings, make sure they have secure connections, change their passwords regularly, and not to share unnecessary information. The organization also serves as a non-judgmental resource for women to come to after they have experienced harassment online and need support.
Dad has led multiple campaigns to protect online freedom of speech in Pakistan, as well campaigns against legislation that would give the government broad powers of surveillance and the ability to censor online speech. She has also contributed to drafts of bills supporting women’s rights in Pakistan, such as the Acid Crime Prevention Bill and the Domestic Violence Protection Bill.
Pakistani activist and Nobel Peace Prize laureate Malala Yousafzai has attended workshops hosted by Dad and cites her as an inspiration. In 2015 Dad was named in TIME magazine's list of next generation leaders for her efforts with the Digital Rights Foundation.
Sławomir Dębski is Director of the Polish Institute of International Affairs (PISM), a position he also held from 2007 to 2010. He is a historian and political scientist and was granted a PhD in history from Jagiellonian University in 2002. Between 2011 and 2016, he was Director of the Centre for Polish-Russian Dialogue and Understanding, and the Editor-in-Chief and part of the Editorial Board of the "Intersection Project". He has been a member of the Polish-Russian Group for Difficult Matters since 2008. He was Editor-in-Chief of the Russian-language quarterly Evropa, as well as the bi-monthly Polski Przegląd Dyplomatyczny (Polish Diplomatic Review). He is the author of the book Między Berlinem a Moskwą. Stosunki niemiecko-sowieckie 1939–1941 (Between Berlin and Moscow: German-Soviet Relations, 1939-1941), which won the Klio and an award from Przegląd Wschodni (Eastern Review), as well as articles and collections of sources on diplomatic history. His key areas of expertise include Polish foreign policy, external policy of the EU, Russian foreign policy, German-Russian relations, NATO and global security, and the history of diplomacy.
Dr. Marek Dietl is an assistant professor in the Department of Economics II at the School of Economics in Warsaw (SGH), as well as a board member and expert at the Sobieski Institute. He obtained a PhD in economics from the Institute of Economic Sciences. He also completed research fellowships at the University of Essex and the University of Glasgow. In addition, he has extensive experience working in an international strategic consultancy company and in the venture capital industry. He has served on the boards of fifteen companies ranging from small to medium start-ups in the service and production industry, to large publicly traded companies and a bank
Ambassador Paula J. Dobriansky is a Senior Fellow in the Future of Diplomacy Project at Harvard University’s JFK Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Vice Chair of the National Executive Committee, US Water Partnership and serves on the Atlantic Council’s board of directors.

From 2010-2012, Ambassador Dobriansky was Senior Vice President and Global Head of Government and Regulatory Affairs at Thomson Reuters. During this time, she was also appointed as the Distinguished National Security Chair at the US Naval Academy. From 2001 to 2009, she served as Under Secretary of State for Global Affairs. Among her primary accomplishments, she established and led the US-India, US-China, and US- Brazil Global Issues Fora. Additionally, she was head of delegation and lead negotiator on US climate change policy. In February 2007, as the President's Special Envoy to Northern Ireland, she received the Secretary of State’s highest honor, the Distinguished Service Medal, for her contribution to the historic devolution of power in Belfast. Ambassador Dobriansky has held many Senate-confirmed and senior level positions in the US Government including Associate Director for Policy and Programs at the United States Information Agency and Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Human Rights and Humanitarian Affairs.
Rafal Dutkiewicz is the Mayor of Wroclaw. First assuming his post in 2002, Dutkiewicz has won four different mayoral elections and has been chosen as Poland’s best mayor from 2010 to 2012, according to Newsweek readers. Before becoming the leading figure in Wroclaw, Dutkiewicz was an active member of the underground Solidarity movement in the 1980s in Poland under the Communist regime. In 2009, he was awarded with the Order of the Polonia Restituta for his services to the Polish state. He has also been honored by several foreign states including France, which presented him with the Legion honor. Aside from Polish and English, he also speaks German and Russian.
Janusz Dziurzyński is Director of Global Business Services at Procter & Gamble. He is also a Founding Member of Partnerzy Strategiczni ABSL. His areas of expertise include IT service management (ITIL Manager certificate with honors), business strategy, and organizational development SSC / KPO. In recent years, he has been responsible for P&G global reporting systems as well as a global development program for the channel system stores with frequent sales in developing regions. Since 2005, he has managed the strategic global business services center in Warsaw.

During his career at Procter & Gamble, which began in 1995, he has been responsible for a number of key projects. From 2000 to 2002, he was CIO for Poland and the Baltic countries. From 2002 to 2005, he managed systems, marketing, sales, and business analysis for Western Europe in the Fabric and Home Care Division in Geneva, Switzerland.

Dziurzyński graduated with an MBA from Warsaw University of Technology and the School of Technology Business.
Adam Eberhardt is the Executive Director of the Center for Eastern Studies. He is among the leading Polish experts in Russian, Belarusian, and Ukrainian affairs. Prior to joining the Center for Eastern Studies, he was head of the Research Office of the Polish Institute of International Affairs and had worked for the Polish Press Agency in Moscow. He is the author of two books including, Revolution that Never Was. Five Years of 'Orange' Ukraine, and the co-author of another two. In addition, Eberhardt has written multiple articles and papers over his career. In 2015 he received the Knight’s Cross of the Order of Polonia Restituta by the Polish President.
David Ensor is Executive Vice President for External Relations at the Atlantic Council. As Director of the Voice of America (VOA) from 2011 to 2015, Ensor led a team that increased its global audience by 40 percent to 187 million a week, adding dozens of new television, Internet, and social media programs. He oversaw a $200 million US funded media organization. As Director of Communications and Public Diplomacy at the US Embassy in Kabul, Afghanistan for sixteen months, ending June 2011, Ensor led an unprecedented strategic communications effort and advised the State Department and White House. Prior to that he was Vice President for Communications and Strategy of the Mercuria Energy Group from 2006 to 2009. For over thirty years, Ensor was an award-winning television and radio correspondent. He was a National Security Correspondent at CNN from 1998 to 2006 and was at ABC News for eighteen years prior to that, covering US foreign policy and major international news while based in Moscow, Rome, and Warsaw, as well as Washington, DC. From 1975 to 1980, he was a reporter at NPR, filing for All Things Considered and Morning Edition. Ensor speaks French and has been decorated by the President of Poland for his broadcasting efforts to build international understanding of Poland’s history and perspective. His documentary on the Warsaw Uprising of 1944 was nominated for an Emmy.
Dr. Evelyn N. Farkas is a Nonresident Senior Fellow at the Atlantic Council’s Future Europe Initiative, Dinu Patriciu Eurasia Center, and Brent Scowcroft Center on International Security. She served from 2012 to 2015 as Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Russia/Ukraine/Eurasia, responsible for policy toward Russia, the Black Sea, Balkans, and Caucasus regions and conventional arms control. From 2010 to 2012 she served as Senior Advisor to the Supreme Allied Commander Europe/Commander, US European Command, and as Special Advisor for the Secretary of Defense for the NATO Summit. Prior to that she was a Senior Fellow at the American Security Project, where she focused on stability and special operations, counterproliferation, and US-Asia policy. In 2008 to 2009, she served as Executive Director of the Commission on the Prevention of Weapons of Mass Destruction Proliferation and Terrorism, which published the report World at Risk (Random House, 2008). From April 2001 to April 2008, she served as a Professional Staff Member of the Senate Armed Services Committee. Her issue areas included foreign and defense policy in Asia Pacific, Western Hemisphere, Special Operations Command (policy and budget oversight), foreign military assistance, peace and stability operations, the military effort to combat terrorism, counternarcotics programs, homeland defense, and export control policy.
Lee Feinstein, the founding dean of the School of Global and International Studies at Indiana University in Bloomington, has served presidents, presidential candidates, and secretaries of state and defense in a distinguished twenty-year career that has taken him from Washington, DC, to Warsaw, where he was US ambassador to Poland from 2009 to 2012. During his service in Poland, the Polish government honored him with the Commander’s Cross with Star.

His legal and foreign policy expertise, founded on a JD (cum laude) from Georgetown University and an MA in political science from the City University of New York, has been honed by his experience as a senior policy adviser to secretaries of state Madeleine Albright and Hillary Clinton. Ambassador Feinstein also served as Secretary Clinton’s national security director during her 2006 presidential campaign, before joining President Obama’s campaign, and later his presidential transition team, as a senior foreign policy adviser.

The ambassador has written numerous articles and books including his most recent book with Tod Lindberg, Means to an End: U.S. Interest and the International Criminal Court (Brookings Institution Press 2009, 2011). Feinstein is frequently consulted and quoted by the press and has concurrently pursued his passionate policy interests in international law, transatlantic security, arms control and nonproliferation, human rights, and the prevention of atrocities. He has worked at Washington’s leading think tanks, including the Brookings Institution and the Council on Foreign Relations. He also sits on the boards of the Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, the Center for the National Interest, and the Kosciuszko Foundation in New York. Under the auspices of the US Holocaust Memorial Museum’s Simon-Skjodt Center for the Prevention of Genocide, he is currently studying how transatlantic cooperation can prevent and stop mass atrocities.
Henry is the Financial Times Central Europe Correspondent, based in Warsaw. He covers Poland, Slovakia, Czech Republi,c and the wider CEE region for the world's most trusted financial newspaper. Henry writes across the unfolding political, economic, and business stories, delivering a global perspective on one of the world's fastest-developing and most interesting regions. Previously the FT's award-winning Motor Industry Correspondent, Henry joined the paper after three years as a reporter for Reuters in New Delhi and Mumbai, India.
Anthony L. Gardner is the US Ambassador to the European Union. Prior to assuming his current position in February 2014, Ambassador Gardner was Managing Director for six years at Palamon Capital Partners, Executive Director in the leveraged finance departments of Bank of America and GE Capital, and a Director in the international acquisitions group of GE International, all based in London. He has also worked as a Senior Associate at international law firms in London, Paris, New York, and Brussels. Ambassador Gardner served as Director for European Affairs on the National Security Council from 1994 to 1995. During that period, he worked closely with the US Mission to the European Union to launch the New Transatlantic Agenda and the Transatlantic Business Dialogue. Prior to his government service, Ambassador Gardner worked with the Treuhandanstalt (German Privatization Ministry) in Berlin and with the Commission des Operations de Bourse in Paris. He is the author of A New Era in US-EU Relations?: The Clinton Administration and the New Transatlantic Agenda and numerous articles on EU affairs.
Ana Gomes has been a Member of the European Parliament since 2004. Her main work focuses on foreign affairs, namely security and defence, human rights, justice and home affairs, the fight against tax havens and corruption, and the rule of law. She was reelected in June 2009 and in May 2014 for a third term. In this mandate (2014-19), she is full member of the Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice, and Home Affairs, and of the Subcommittee for Security and Defence, as well as a full member of the Delegation for relations with the United-States and the Delegation to the Parliamentary Assembly of the Union for the Mediterranean. She is a substitute member on the Foreign Affairs Committee and Subcommittee on Human Rights. Ms. Gomes has been Rapporteur for Libya, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, and the PCA with Indonesia, on the "EU CBRN Action Plan" report, the "Maritime Dimension of CSDP" report, and on the "Human Rights and corruption" report, among other files. In her previous mandate, she was elected Coordinator for Foreign Affairs of the Socialists & Democrats Group in the European Parliament.

Ms. Gomes' academic background is law. She was a career diplomat from 1980 until she suspended it to enter party politics in 2003. She joined the Portuguese Foreign Service in 1980 and served in the Portuguese Missions at the United Nations in New York and Geneva and also in the Embassies in Tokyo and London. Between 1999 and 2003, she was Head of the Portuguese Interests Section and then Ambassador in Jakarta, where she played a role in the process leading up to the independence of East Timor and in the reestablishment of diplomatic relations between Portugal and Indonesia.
Rose Gottemoeller is the Under Secretary for Arms Control and International Security of the US State Department. She assumed the position in May 2014 after serving in an acting capacity from 2012. Gottemoeller was also the US State Department’s chief negotiator with Russia, over deliberations that led to the enactment of the New Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (New START) in 2011. In the late 1990s, Gottemoeller worked at the US Department of Energy, ultimately assuming the position of Deputy Under Secretary of Energy for Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation in 1998 until 2000. The Under Secretary has been actively involved in the foreign policy realm beyond a governmental capacity. From 2006 to 2008 she was the Director of the Carnegie Moscow Center at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace after serving six years as a Senior Associate at the organization. She received her bachelor’s degree from Georgetown and her master’s from George Washington University.
Stephen Grand leads the Middle East Strategy Task Force at the Atlantic Council's Rafik Hariri Center for the Middle East. Grand is also a Nonresident Senior Fellow at the Project on US Relations with the Islamic World (housed within the Center for Middle East Policy at Brookings), where he served as Director from 2006 to 2013. He recently published a book, Understanding Tahrir Square: What Transitions Elsewhere Can Teach Us about the Prospects for Arab Democracy (Brookings Institution Press, 2014). He serves as Chairman of the Board of the Project on Middle East Democracy, Adviser to Ethical Global Alliance, and a member of the International Advisory Council of the Vaclav Havel Library Foundation. He is also the Founder and Co-Director of the Egyptian Roundtable on Civic Life. From 2004 to 2006, Grand was Director of the Aspen Institute's Middle East Strategy Group. He has also served as an Adjunct Professor at American University's School of International Service and Syracuse University's Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs.
The Syrian Civil Defense, or “The White Helmets,” are a group of volunteers who conduct search and rescue missions after barrel bomb attacks in Syrian towns. These volunteers were regular citizens – bakers, barbers, and electricians, among other ordinary occupations – prior to the conflict. When the barrel bombs started falling in late 2012 these citizens responded, on their own accord at first, wearing white helmets to provide a fraction of protection from the hazards of the task. Over time, the group became more organized and has grown to include almost 3,000 volunteers. The White Helmets are credited with saving over 40,000 lives over the course of the Syrian Civil War.

While the Syrian Civil Defense has become more organized and trained, its job has become no less dangerous. The Assad regime often uses a tactic known as the “double tap,” where it will drop a barrel bomb, wait a length of time for first responders to arrive on site and for crowds to gather, and then drop a second barrel bomb in the same area. Further, the regime will occasionally drop chlorine-filled barrel bombs, presenting unique safety and health threats to the search and rescue teams below. Over one hundred members of the Syrian Civil Defense have died while performing rescue missions, but their organization continues to grow.
John E. Herbst is Director of the Atlantic Council's Dinu Patriciu Eurasia Center. Ambassador Herbst served for thirty-one years as a Foreign Service Officer in the US Department of State, retiring at the rank of Career-Minister. He was US Ambassador to Ukraine from 2003 to 2006 and Ambassador to Uzbekistan from 2000 to 2003. In his last four years at the State Department, he served as the Coordinator for Reconstruction and Stabilization where he oversaw the establishment of the Civilian Response Corps of the United States, the US civilian rapid response force for reconstruction and stabilization operations overseas.

Ambassador Herbst previously served as US Consul General in Jerusalem; Principal Deputy to the Ambassador-at-Large for the Newly Independent States; the Director of the Office of Independent States and Commonwealth Affairs; Director of Regional Affairs in the Near East Bureau; and at the embassies in Tel Aviv, Moscow, and Saudi Arabia. He most recently served as Director of the Center for Complex Operations at National Defense University. He has received the Presidential Distinguished Service Award, the Secretary of State’s Career Achievement Award, and the State Department’s Distinguished Honor Award.
Frederic C. Hof is the Director of the Atlantic Council's Rafik Hariri Center for the Middle East and specializes in Syria. Prior to becoming Director, he was a Resident Senior Fellow with the Center.

On March 28, 2012 President Obama conferred on Hof the rank of Ambassador in connection with his new duties as Special Adviser for transition in Syria. Hof was previously the Special Coordinator for Regional Affairs in the US Department of State's Office of the Special Envoy for Middle East Peace, where he advised Special Envoy George Mitchell on the full range of Arab-Israeli peace issues falling under his purview and focusing on Syria-Israel and Israel-Lebanon matters. He joined the State Department in 2009 after serving as the President and CEO of AALC, limited company, an international business consulting and project finance firm formerly known as Armitage Associates LC.

Hof's professional life has focused largely on the Middle East. In 2001, he directed the Jerusalem field operations of the Sharm el-Sheikh Fact-Finding Committee headed by former US Senate Majority Leader George Mitchell and was the lead drafter of the Committee's 2001 report. In 1983, as a US Army officer, he helped draft the "Long Commission" report, which investigated the October 1983 bombing of the US Marine headquarters at Beirut International Airport.
Jon M. Huntsman, Jr. is Chairman of the Atlantic Council and Co-Chairman of No Labels. He began his career in public service as a Staff Assistant to President Ronald Reagan. He has served each of the four US presidents since then in critical roles around the world, including as Ambassador to Singapore, Deputy Assistant Secretary of Commerce for Asia, US Trade Ambassador, and most recently, US Ambassador to China. In all three Senate confirmations, he received unanimous votes. Twice elected Governor of Utah, Huntsman brought about strong economic reforms, tripled the state's rainy day fund, and helped bring unemployment rates to historic lows. During his tenure, Utah was named the best managed state in America. Recognized by others for his service, Governor Huntsman was elected as Chairman of the Western Governors Association, serving nineteen states throughout the region. He currently serves on the boards of Ford Motor Company, Caterpillar Corporation, Chevron Corporation, Hilton Worldwide, the US Naval Academy Foundation, and the University of Pennsylvania. In addition, he serves as a Distinguished Fellow at the Brookings Institute, a Trustee of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, a Trustee of the Reagan Presidential Foundation, and Chairman of the Huntsman Cancer Foundation. He was recently inducted into the American Academy of Diplomacy.
Ania Jakubowski works for The Coca-Cola Company as the Franchise General Manager for Poland/Baltics. She has been with the Coca-Cola System since February 2011. Prior to her current role, she held the role of Group Commercial Marketing Director for Coca-Cola Hellenic Bottling Company.
Before joining the Coke System, she enjoyed a twenty year international career with Procter & Gamble, spanning North America, East, Central, and Western Europe; in sales, marketing, operational and market development roles, strategy, and capability building roles.

Born and raised in Canada, she graduated with honors from Wilfrid Laurier University (Ontario, Canada) with a bachelor’s of business administration. She has lived a great deal of her professional career abroad; residing in Poland, Germany, Belgium, Switzerland, and Greece. She is a dual passport holder, with her native roots stemming from Poland.
Natalie Jaresko served as the Finance Minister of Ukraine from 2014 to 2016. Previously she worked in the finance industry, cofounding Horizon Capital in 2006 and serving as its CEO. Prior to Horizon Capital, Jaresko worked for the Western NIS Enterprise Fund, an equity fund financed by the US government, where she rose to the position of CEO in 2001. Previously she held a number of economic positions at the US Department of State. Most notably she served as the First Chief of the Economic Section of the newly opened US Embassy in Ukraine from 1992 to 1995. Jaresko holds a master’s degree in public policy from Harvard University’s Kennedy School of Government and a bachelors in accounting from DePaul University in Chicago.
Paul W. Jones has been the US Ambassador to the Republic of Poland since September 2015. As Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for European and Eurasian Affairs from 2013 to 2015, he was responsible for all aspects of US policy and operations in Europe, particularly Russia and Ukraine. He was Deputy Chief of Mission at the US Mission to the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) in Vienna, Austria (2004-05) and also at the US Embassy in Skopje, Republic of Macedonia (1996-99). Ambassador Jones served at the OSCE Mission in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1995, implementing the Dayton Peace Accords, as well as at the US Embassy in Moscow, Russia (1992-94). In Washington, DC, he was Director of the Office for South Central Europe and, previously, Desk Officer for the Netherlands, Belgium, and Luxembourg. As US Ambassador to Malaysia from 2010 to 2013, he led significant growth in the US-Malaysian relationship, becoming the first US Ambassador to be conferred the honorary title of Dato’. US Special Representative for Afghanistan and Pakistan Richard Holbrooke named Jones as his Principal Deputy, who served concurrently as Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for South Asian Affairs. Jones was Deputy Chief of Mission and Chargé d’Affaires at the US Embassy in Manila, the Philippines (2005-09).
Katarzyna Kacperczyk has been working at the Polish Ministry of Foreign Affairs since 2002. She worked at the Foreign Policy Strategy and Planning Department, then, between 2005 and 2009, switched to the Permanent Mission of the Republic of Poland to the United Nations in New York, and from 2009 served at the Foreign Economic Policy Department. After 2010 she was Deputy Director of the Economic Policy Department, and was subsequently appointed Director of the Department of Economic Cooperation. She also worked – as part of the European Commission’sinternship program – in DG Enterprise and the Centre for Energy and Public Policy at the Columbia University.

Katarzyna Kacperczyk is a graduate of Warsaw University, Universität des Saarlandes in Saarbrücken, and the prestigious Columbia University in New York, where she specialized not only in economics, but also in energy market management. She also studied at the Warsaw School of Economics, where she completed a European Studies Programme, implemented jointly with the French Institut d'Etudes Politiques. She also received a DAAD scholarship.

In 2011, was awarded by the President with the Gold Cross of Merit.
Kaja Kallas is a Member of the European Parliament with the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE) parliamentary group as a representative of the Estonian Reform Party. She is the Vice-Chair of the Delegation to the EU-Ukraine Parliamentary Association Committee and she sits on the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy and on the Delegation to the Euronest Parliamentary Assembly. Outside of the European Parliament, Kallas is the Vice-Chair of the Estonian Reform Party. Before becoming an MEP in the summer of 2014, she was a member of the Estonian parliament from 2011 to 2014. During her term she also chaired the parliament's Economic Affairs Committee.
Mikhail Kasyanov was the Russian Federation’s Prime Minister from 2000 until 2004. Prior to that, he was the Minister of Finance from 1999 to 2000 after serving as the ministry’s deputy for four years and managing the country’s External Debt Department in 1993. After completing his term at the head of the Russian state, Kasyanov has been actively involved in political opposition efforts against Russian President Vladimir Putin. Kasyanov is currently the Chairman of the People's Freedom Party, which also belongs to the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe. In 2012 Kasyanov helped lead mass protests in Moscow against the Russian government.
Frederick Kempe has been President and CEO of the Atlantic Council since December 2006. Under his leadership, the Council has achieved significant growth while considerably expanding its staff, work, and influence in areas that include international security, business and economics, energy and environment, and global issues of transatlantic interest ranging from Asia to Africa. Mr. Kempe came to the Council from a long and prominent career at the Wall Street Journal, where he won national and international recognition while serving in numerous senior editorial and reportorial capacities. Mr. Kempe left the Journal following more than a quarter century of distinguished work. His last position with the paper was in New York, where he served as Assistant Managing Editor, International, and "Thinking Global" columnist. Prior to that, he was for seven years the longest ever serving editor and associate publisher of the Wall Street Journal Europe, simultaneously functioning as European editor for the Global Wall Street Journal from 2002 to 2005. He is the author of four books, including the national bestseller BERLIN 1961: Kennedy, Khrushchev and the Most Dangerous Place on Earth, and is a regular commentator on television and radio both in Europe and the United States.
Minister Moushira Khattab is a current member of Egypt’s Council of Foreign Relations and a Senior Adviser for the Atlantic Council’s Middle East Strategy Taskforce. A seasoned politician and activist, she was Egypt’s Minister on Family and Population from 2009 to 2011. Khattab has held significant diplomatic posts for Egypt, including serving as Egypt’s Ambassador to South Africa from 1994 to 1999 during Nelson Mandela’s rule and Ambassador to the Czech Republic and Slovakia from 1992 to 1994. She was Secretary General of Egypt’s National Council of Childhood and Motherhood and was also the Vice Chair, Rapporteur, and member of UN Committee on the Rights of the Child from 2002 to 2010. Khattab was a public policy scholar at the Wilson Centre in 2012.
Ivanna Klympush-Tsintsadze has been the Vice Prime Minister of Ukraine for European and Euro-Atlantic Integration since April 2016.

In November 2014 she was elected to the Ukrainian Parliament. There she worked as First Deputy of Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine Committee on Foreign Affairs and also headed the Permanent Delegation of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine in the NATO Parliamentary Assembly.

Before entering politics, she was the head of the Yalta European Strategy, an international independent network that aims to promote the European integration of Ukraine, from 2011 to 2014.

From 2002 to 2007 she was a correspondent of Ukrainian Service BBC Radio in the United States (Washington) and in the Caucasus (Tbilisi).
Michał Kobosko is Director for the Wrocław Global Forum, an annual event organized by the Atlantic Council, the Polish Institute of International Affairs, and the City of Wrocław. Previously, he was a Media Manager and journalist with more than twenty years of experience with various media outlets in Poland. He started his journalistic career in 1993 at the economics desk of Gazeta Wyborcza, while studying at the Warsaw Technical University and the American Study Center at Warsaw University. He later served as the Editor-in-Chief of major international publications in Poland, including local editions of Forbes, Newsweek, and Bloomberg Businessweek. He has been involved in a number of media-related projects, including a Polish-licensed edition of the Project Syndicate website and the speakers’ bureau Prime Speakers. He is a member of numerous journalistic and business awards juries and serves on the board of the Junior Achievement Foundation. He is a commentator on business and politics for various media.
Zdzislaw Krasnodebski is a member of the European Parliament with the Polish Bezpartyjny party and the European Conservatives and Reformists group. Krasnodebski, who was elected in 2014, is a member of three different committees and delegations including the Delegation for Relations with the United States and the Special Committee on Tax Rulings and Other Measures Similar in Nature or Effect (TAXE 2). Since earning a doctorate in sociology from the University of Warsaw in 1984, Krasnodebski has had a long and wealthy professional career in academia, teaching at the University of Bremen since 1995. He also headed the Department of Central and Eastern European Studies of the University of Bremen for eleven years between 1998 and 2009.
Eliza Kruczkowska is the CEO of Startup Poland, a grassroots organization aimed at helping build better conditions for Polish startups by influencing policy-makers, educators, academics, and the media. She has extensive experience in politics, PR, and media, as well as NGOs. In the past, she has worked abroad in Madrid at Internet Advantage, London at the Evening Standard, and Munich at Lewis PR. She has served as the head of media relations for a member of the Polish Parliament and has a background in journalism and international relations. Most recently, she served as the director of communications for the ePaństwo Foundation, an NGO that releases public data and runs initiatives, such as Code for Poland.
Andrius Kubilius is a Lithuanian politician who served as Prime Minister of Lithuania from 1999 to 2000 and again from 2008 to 2012. He is the leader of the conservative political party Homeland Union - Lithuanian Christian Democrats.
After finishing his education at Vilnius University in 1984, Kubilius became a member of the pro-independence Sąjūdis movement, which favored separation from the Soviet Union. In 1990 he became the Executive Secretary of the Sąjūdis Council. In 1992, right after the re-establishment of Lithuania's independence, Kubilius was elected to the Seimas (parliament) and he became a member of the Homeland Union – Lithuanian Christian Democrats in 1993. In 1996 he became the first Deputy Speaker of the Seimas and Chairman of the Parliamentary Committee on European Affairs. Between his terms as Prime Minister he served as Chairman of the Parliamentary group on Relations with the USA and led the opposition party as Chairman of the Homeland Union. He currently serves as the Leader of the Opposition of the Seimas.
Zbigniew Lewicki is the Chairman of the Board of the Polish Institute of Foreign Affairs and professor of American Studies at Cardinal Stefan Wyszynski University in Warsaw. In the past he served as Deputy Assistant Secretary for North and South America in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Director of the American Studies Center at Warsaw University, and Director for International Relations in the Institute for East-West Studies in New York. He is the author of a multi-volume History of American Civilization and frequently comments on US foreign policy and American politics in Polish and foreign media.
Linas Linkevicius has been Lithuania’s Minister of Foreign Affairs since 2012. His political experience spans over two decades. Linkevicius has twice served as Lithuania’s National Defense Minister, first serving from 1993 to 1996 and then from 2000 to 2004. Following the end of his second term holding this post, he was appointed Lithuania’s Permanent Representative to NATO in 2005, a position he kept until 2011. Linkevicius has been recognized by Lithuania and other states for his long lasting public service. The Lithuanian state bestowed upon him the Cross of Commander of the Order of the Cross of Vytis in 2004. Estonia awarded him with the Order of the Cross of Terra Mariana, Second Class, while Georgia presented him with the Order of Honor in 2011.
Piotr Lukasiewicz is the head of the Warsaw Security Forum organizing committee.

Lukasiewicz is an experienced Polish diplomat with high expertise on foreign affairs. He served as Poland’s Ambassador to Afghanistan from 2012 to 2014. He is also a Colonel of the reserves of the Polish Army.

He has also served as Polish defense attaché in Afghanistan and Pakistan. Lukasiewicz has been honored with Polish military medals for his services.
Joe Manchin has served as a Senator for West Virginia since 2010. He is the Ranking Member of the Energy and Natural Resources Committee’s Subcommittee on Energy and the Senate Armed Services Committee’s Subcommittee on Airland. He previously served as Governor of West Virginia from 2005 to 2010, Chairman of the National Governors Association in 2010, and Secretary of State of West Virginia from 2001 to 2005. Manchin began his political career serving in the West Virginia House of Delegates and the West Virginia State Senate while simultaneously running a local business. He received a bachelor’s degree from West Virginia University.
Brig. Gen. James J. Mingus assumed duties as Deputy Commanding General of the 4th Infantry Division and Fort Carson on September 29. His most recent assignment was as the Deputy J5, Plans, United States Central Command (US CENTCOM). He previously served there as Director of the Commanderat’s Action Group and Executive Officer to the commander US CENTCOM.

Mingus previously served in the Iowa Army National Guard starting in 1981, before serving as a Platoon Leader, Executive Officer, and Battalion Maintenance Officer at 2nd Battalion, 30th Infantry, 3rd Infantry Division in Germany from 1988 to 1991. After promotion to Captain, he returned to the United States where he served in a number of positions including Commander of the XVIII Airborne Corps Long Range Surveillance Company at Fort Bragg, North Carolina. Mingus subsequently moved to Tennessee where he served in as an ROTC APMS instructor for the University of Tennessee-Knoxville from 1997 to 1999.
He was then selected to be the Liaison Officer, and later Battalion Operations Officer, at 1st Battalion, 75th Ranger Regiment at Hunter Army Airfield, Georgia from 2000 to 2003. From 2003 to 2005, Mingus was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel and served as the Chief, Joint Planning Group, and later Chief, Current Operations, at Joint Special Operations Command at Fort Bragg, North Carolina. He then took command of 4th Ranger Training Battalion at Fort Benning, Georgia, from 2005 to 2007. Subsequently, he commanded the Regimental Special Troops Battalion, 75th Ranger Regiment at Fort Benning, Georgia from 2007 to 2009. In August 2010, Mingus took command of 4th Brigade Combat Team, 4th Infantry Division in Fort Carson, Colorado. Mingus deployed in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation Enduring Freedom twelve times from 2001 to 2012.
Tomasz Misiak is Founder and President of the Supervisory Board of Work Service S.A., the market leader in HR services in Central Europe and the biggest Polish personal services company. He is also publisher of the Polish edition of Project-Syndicate. Previously, he served as Vice President of Work Service S.A. and owner and manager of HMS Investment Fund LTD. In 2013, he was also appointed as a member of BIAC and a member of New Leaders of Tomorrow in the Crans Montana Forum organization. In 2012, he was elected as Vice President of Pracodawcy RP, the biggest Polish employers organization. From 2005 to 2011, as a Senator of Republic of Poland, he was Head of the Economy Committee and also engaged in the activities of the European Union Committee. Prior to that, he also served on the Wroclaw City Council as Chairman of Economic Initiatives. Currently he also sits on the supervisory boards of Exact Systems Sp. z oo and MM Conferences. Previously, he was also a member of the supervisory boards of Hawe SA, IDM SA, and IT Contract Sp. z oo. He has won numerous business awards, including Now Poland, Ernst & Young’s Entrepreneur of the Year, Leader of Enterprise, and Bloomberg Manager of the Year 2015. He is a graduate of the Wroclaw University of Economics, IESE Business School, and the Global Leadership Seminar at the Canadian Institute of Management and Georgetown University.
Richard L. Morningstar is the Founding Director of the Global Energy Center at the Atlantic Council. He served as the US Ambassador to the Republic of Azerbaijan from July 2012 to August 2014. Prior to his appointment, since April 2009, he was the Secretary of State's Special Envoy for Eurasian Energy. Prior to that, Morningstar lectured at the Kennedy School of Government at Harvard and Stanford Law School. From June 1999 to September 2001, he served as United States Ambassador to the European Union. Prior to this, Morningstar served as Special Adviser to the President and Secretary of State for Caspian Basin Energy Diplomacy, where he was responsible for assuring maximum coordination within the executive branch and with other governments and international organizations to promote United States policies on Caspian Basin energy development and transportation. From April 1995 to July 1998, he served as Ambassador and Special Adviser to the President and Secretary of State on assistance for the new independent states of the former Soviet Union, where he oversaw all US bilateral assistance and trade investment activities in the NIS. From 1993 to 1995, he served as Senior Vice President of the Overseas Private Investment Corporation (OPIC). Morningstar also served as Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer of the Costar Corporation from 1990 to 1993 and as President and Chief Executive Officer from 1981 to 1990. He was an Attorney with Peabody and Brown (now Nixon and Peabody) in Boston from 1970 to 1981, where he became a Partner in 1977. Morningstar served as a Commissioner of the National Conference of Commissioners on Uniform State Laws (1989–1993). Prior to returning to the government in 2009, he served as Director of the American Councils for International Education, a Trustee of the Kosovo-America Educational Foundation, and a Trustee of the Eurasia Foundation. He is a Member of the Council on Foreign Relations. Morningstar received his BA from Harvard in 1967 and JD from Stanford Law School in 1970.
Vago Muradian was the Editor of Defense News, the world’s top defense news weekly with correspondents in sixteen countries, until April 2016. Before joining Defense News in 2002, he was the Managing Editor of Defense Daily International and the Business and International Reporter for Defense Daily, a newsletter covering the defense and aerospace industry. Muradian joined Defense Daily from Air Force Times, the leading independent US publication covering the US Air Force. He covered global operations, including in Europe, Haiti, Somalia, and Zaire. Before covering the Air Force, he served as Defense News’
land warfare reporter. Muradian started his career at Inside the Army. He earned his bachelor’s degree in political science at George Washington University.
Piotr Naimski is a member of the Polish Sejm with the Law and Justice Party and Secretary of State in the Chancellery of the Prime Minister, Plenipotentiary for Strategic Energy Infrastructure. Prior to becoming a member of the Polish Sejm for the first time in 2012, Naimski had served as Poland’s Deputy Minister of Economy from 2005 to 2007. He later served as an adviser to the head of the Polish National Security Bureau and as a member of the President's energy team. Prior to his involvement in Polish politics, he was active in the Polish resistance in the 1980s and 1970s. While working in politics, Naimski taught at Wyższa Szkoła Biznesu - National Louis University from 1996 to 2009. He holds a PhD from the Institute of Biochemistry and Biophysics of the Polish Academy of Sciences.
Remigiusz Nowakowski is the CEO and the President of the Management Board at Tauron Polska Energia. Aside from his role in Tauron, Nowakowski is a Member of Supervisory Board, Head of Strategy and Development Committee at PKN Orlen.

Nowakowski has had extensive experience in the Polish energy sector having worked at Fortum Power and Hear Polska. He first joined the company in 2008 as Manager and Director of Power Plant Investment Development, ultimately becoming the head of Production Optimisation (Baltics, Finland, Poland) of Heat Electricity Sales and Solutions for Fortum.

Nowakowski was also the CEO and President of the Board at EnergiaPro from 2006 to 2008.
Native New Yorker Kevin O'Brien has more than 30 years of writing and editing experience at newspapers, magazines, and news agencies in Germany, the United States, and Austria. He worked for 12 years as a staff writer at award-winning daily newspapers in Missouri, Colorado and North Carolina. He then worked for a decade in Germany and Austria as the Frankfurt and Vienna Bureau Chief and Senior Writer at Bloomberg. Before joining Handelsblatt, he worked for a decade in Berlin for The New York Times and International Herald Tribune as a contract writer covering European technology and telecommunications. Since September 2013, he has served as Editor in Chief of Handelsblatt Global Edition, the daily, digital English version of Germany's leading financial newspaper.
Igor Ostrowski is a partner in Dentons' Warsaw office. He is the legacy head of Salans’ Intellectual Property, Technology, and Communications practice. He currently serves as Head of TMT Sector Group in Europe. He has twenty years of experience in legal advisory for clients from the telecommunication, media, and new technologies sector. Igor is one of the first lawyers in Poland to specialize in laws regulating the telecom sector, operators of media, and use of new technologies. He has provided legal services to leading European and US radio and television broadcasters and advised international telecommunications network operators and IT companies on key areas of their business activities in Poland and elsewhere in Central and Eastern Europe, including corporate, regulatory, and intellectual property issues. He combines a wealth of experience gained in international law firms (including Warsaw and New York offices) and public administration. His experience includes advice on mergers and acquisitions and participation in infrastructure and privatization projects. Between 2009 and 2013 Igor was Deputy Minister in the Ministry of Administration and Digitization and was a member of the Team of Strategic Advisors of the Prime Minister. He co-authored the Digital Poland strategy. Since June 2014 he has been Chairman of the Digitization Council, an advisory body to the Polish Government. He is also the only Polish member of the Multistakeholder Advisory Group at the Internet Governance Forum –– a United Nations agency handling issues of operation, order, and development of the Internet worldwide.
Ted Poe has served as the Congressman for Texas’s 2nd district since 2005. The Congressman sits on the House Judiciary Committee and the Foreign Affairs Committee as Chairman of the Subcommittee on Terrorism, Nonproliferation, and Trade. In addition to Poe's committee assignments, he is the Founder and Co-Chair of the Congressional Victim's Rights Caucus and the head of the Congressional Serbian Caucus. He is also a member of the Republican Study Committee and the Tea Party Caucus.

Before being elected to congress, Poe served for twenty-two years as a criminal court judge in Houston. Previously, he served for eight years in the Harris County District Attorney’s Office, where he became the chief felony prosecutor and never lost a jury trial. He also served in the Air Force Reserves for six years. Poe received a bachelor's degree from Abilene Christian University in Texas and a juris doctor degree from the University of Houston Law Center.
The Syrian Civil Defense, or “The White Helmets,” are a group of volunteers who conduct search and rescue missions after barrel bomb attacks in Syrian towns. These volunteers were regular citizens – bakers, barbers, and electricians, among other ordinary occupations – prior to the conflict. When the barrel bombs started falling in late 2012 these citizens responded, on their own accord at first, wearing white helmets to provide a fraction of protection from the hazards of the task. Over time, the group became more organized and has grown to include almost 3,000 volunteers. The White Helmets are credited with saving over 40,000 lives over the course of the Syrian Civil War.

While the Syrian Civil Defense has become more organized and trained, its job has become no less dangerous. The Assad regime often uses a tactic known as the “double tap,” where it will drop a barrel bomb, wait a length of time for first responders to arrive on site and for crowds to gather, and then drop a second barrel bomb in the same area. Further, the regime will occasionally drop chlorine-filled barrel bombs, presenting unique safety and health threats to the search and rescue teams below. Over one hundred members of the Syrian Civil Defense have died while performing rescue missions, but their organization continues to grow.

Mr. Raed al-Saleh, Head of the White Helmets, has spoken at the UN Security Council to advocate for civilian protection against the Syrian regime’s use of indiscriminate violence.
Patrycja Sasnal was a 2010 Fulbright scholar at the Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS) at Johns Hopkins University in Washington, DC and has a Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) in Political Science. She was an associate at the American University in Beirut and a visiting student at Sorbonne Nouvelle, Paris III. She previously lectured at Jagiellonian University in Krakow, Poland where apart from the PhD she also holds she received an MA in international relations and an MA in Arabic language and culture. She has written on US and EU policies in the Middle East, the challenges of transition in the Arab world, the Arab-Israeli conflict, modern Arab thought, and Turkey's new role in the Middle East, and she has been published in Al-Ahram, LeMonde.fr, Insight Turkey, EUobserver, and Polityka.
Jan Schakowsky has served as the Congresswoman for Illinois's 9th district since 1999. She sits on the Committee on Energy and Commerce. Schakowsky serves in the House Democratic Leadership as Chief Deputy Whip and as a member of the Steering and Policy Committee. Before gaining her current seat she served as a member of the Illinois State House of Representatives from 1990 to 1999. Prior to entering politics, she worked as Executive Director of the Illinois State Council of Senior Citizens for five years and Program Director of Illinois Public Action, Illinois' largest public interest group, for nine years. She received a bachelor's degree from Illinois University.
William Schmieder is President of Raytheon International, Inc., Europe. Schmieder is based in Warsaw, Poland and serves as the Corporation’s primary external interface. He establishes and maintains Raytheon’s strategic relationships with European customers and trading partners, and serves internally as the senior voice of the customer. He is responsible for identifying key pursuits, developing and implementing capture strategies, and managing the Corporation’s regional sales assets.

Schmieder joined Raytheon from General Dynamics, where he served twelve years as Corporate Vice President – International, responsible for developing and implementing the Corporation’s international business development objectives, representing General Dynamics to the United States and foreign governments and coordinating the Washington component of the company’s win strategies. Before joining General Dynamics, Schmieder was Vice President of Business Development for Lockheed Martin’s Missiles and Fire Controls Division, with P&L responsibility for domestic and international business development activities. He was Director of International F-16 programs for General Dynamics before joining Lockheed Martin.
Pawel Soloch was appointed by the President of the Republic of Poland Andrzej Duda as Head of the National Security Bureau in the rank of secretary of state, in August 2015. He specializes in the areas of national security, crisis management and protection of critical infrastructure, management of the state, public administration, and civil service.
From 2014 until 2015 he served as the President of the Sobieski Institute, after being a member of its Board since 2013. From 2005 to 2008, he served as Undersecretary of State at the Ministry of the Interior and Administration, and from November 2005 also as Chief of National Civil Defence. He was an adviser to the Head of the National Security Bureau (2008-10) and an expert at the Sobieski Institute (2010-14).
From 2004 until 2005 he was an adviser to the Mayor of Warsaw, while from 1999 to 2001, he held the position of Director of the Department of General Security at the Ministry of the Interior and Administration. He also served as Deputy Director in the Defence Affairs Department at the Office of the Prime Minister (1998-99).
Jacek Stawiski is a Polish reporter, who has been the head of TVN24 Business and World since 2014. He started working for TVN24 as an editor in 2007. From 1999 to 2007, he worked at RMF FM, Poland’s first commercial radio station, as a journalist and director. Previously, from 1994 to 1997, he worked as a journalist and editor at the BBC World Service in London. Stawiski is a respected commentator on international affairs and Polish foreign policy and has long been interested in the Polish-Jewish dialogue. He graduated with a degree in history from the Uniwersytet Jagielloński.
Marek Świerczyński has been a security and defense analyst at Polityka INSIGHT since March 2015, and has over twenty years of journalism experience. From 2010 to 2015, he was the publisher of "Poland and the World" on television TVN24 and commentator on defense matters for TVN24 Biznes i Świat. From 1997 to 2005, he worked for the Polish Section of BBC World Service in Warsaw and London, and later on several radio and television newsrooms. He has also worked with the Jagiellonian University in Krakow, Center for European Policy Analysis in Washington, DC, Atlantic Community in Berlin, Polish Institute of International Affairs, and National Defence University. He studied law at Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznan, Poland.
Michał Szułdrzyński is Deputy Managing Editor of Rzeczpospolita, one of the biggest Polish dailies. Previously, he was Deputy Home Affairs Editor and Columnist at Rzeczpospolita. Since 2006, he has worked as a journalist for TVP Info, a national news channel where he ran his own programs called Tygodnik Polski and Minęła 20. He was also Editor in Chief of Nowe Państwo and member of the Editorial Board in Pressje. He was President of the Jagiellonian Club, an independent NGO and think tank established in 1994 in Krakow, and he used to teach at Cardinal Stefan Wyszyński University in Warsaw. Previously, he was also a member of the Stefan Batory Polish-Russian Foundation. In 2003, he graduated from the Faculty of Philosophy of the Jagiellonian University. After he completed his studies, he worked at Tischner European University.
Krzysztof Szubert is the Plenipotentiary of the Minister for International Affairs and Strategic Adviser to the Minister of Digital Affairs of Poland. Previously, he was a member of the Digitalization Council at the Ministry for Digital Affairs. Since 2012, he has been the Minister of Digitization with the BCC Economy Shadow Cabinet. Mr. Szubert also serves as representative in the Innovation Council at the Marshal's Office in Warsaw, Poland, and in the Parliamentary Committee on Innovation and New Technology. Since 1998, he has held the post of President of the Management Board and Chief Operations Officer at Connect Distribution Ltd., which specializes in Value Added Distribution (VAD) of specialist software and hardware. Mr. Szubert has held managerial posts in both Polish and foreign enterprises in the ICT industry for more than twenty years. He is a graduate of the Warsaw University of Technology, Faculty of Industrial Organization and Management, with a specialization in industrial IT systems.
Konrad Szymański is the Polish Secretary of State for European Affairs.
From 2004 to 2014, Konrad Szymański was a member of the European Parliament from the Law and Justice Party (PiS). He sat on the Committee on Foreign Affairs (AFET) and the Committee on Industry, Research, and Energy (ITRE), where he dealt with Eastern affairs, the European Union’s relations with the Eastern Partnership countries, and the European Union’s energy security. In 2013 and 2014, Polityka and Rzeczpospolita respectively voted him one of the best Polish members of the European Parliament.
From 2002 to 2009 he was the Editor-in-Chief of the bimonthly Międzynarodowy Przegląd Polityczny, after being the TV Puls’ program editor from 2000 to 2002.
From 1999 to 2000 he advised the Deputy Speaker of the Sejm and was a member of the political cabinet of Minister Kazimierz Marcinkiewicz (the chief of Prime Minister Jerzy Buzek’s political cabinet). From In 1997 to 1998 he worked for the Chancellery of the Sejm. In 1997 he was an adviser to Marcin Libicki, chairman of the Polish delegation to the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe.
Dr. Horst Teltschik is a politician and business manager, considered to be one of the most distinguished German foreign policy experts. He served as National Security Advisor to Chancellor Helmut Kohl and held a number of other important positions in the German government. Teltschik was a vigorous voice for a bold unification policy and has had a clear influence in the wake of German unification under the European umbrella. With his personal, trusting negotiating style, he coordinated closely with policymakers from both the East and West, leading many difficult negotiations to success.

From 1999 to 2008, Teltschik chaired the Munich Security Conference, one of the largest and most well-respected international security events globally. Teltschik has intentionally worked to include non-Western voices in security policy discussions.

Additionally, Teltschik is a leader of Global Zero, an international movement that is working on a plan to eliminate all nuclear weapons by 2030, and serves as an honorary professor at the Technical University of Munich. He is a former president of Boeing Germany and chief executive officer of the Bertelsmann Foundation. He is a distinguished writer and analyst, having published several influential works on German unity, diplomacy, and politics.
Ambassador Vershbow took up his position in February 2012 after serving for three years as the US Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs. In that position, he was responsible for coordinating US security and defense policies relating to the nations and international organizations of Europe (including NATO), the Middle East, and Africa.

From 1977 to 2008, Alexander was a career member of the United States Foreign Service. He served as US Ambassador to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (1998-2001); to the Russian Federation (2001-05); and to the Republic of Korea (2005-08). He held numerous senior positions in Washington, including Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for European Affairs at the National Security Council (1994-97) and State Department Director for Soviet Union Affairs (1988-91). During his career, he was centrally involved in strengthening US defense relations with allies in Europe and Asia and in transforming NATO and other European security.
Witold Waszczykowski, Polish Minister of Foreign Affairs, was born in Piotrkow Trybunalski on May 5, 1957. A diplomat with a degree in history, he holds a PhD in the humanities. In 1993, he was awarded a PhD in the humanities (history) for his dissertation The United States and the Strategic Disarmament Negotiations in 1919-36. From 1981 to 1987, he was an assistant lecturer at the Faculty of Philosophy and History of the University of Lodz.
In 1992, he became a senior expert in the United Nations System Department and the European Institutions Department, and in 1996 he was named Deputy Director of the European Institutions Department, and then of the Security Policy Department. In 1997, he served as head of Poland’s Liaison Office to NATO in Brussels, and went on to become Deputy Permanent Representative of Poland at the newly created diplomatic mission to the North Atlantic Alliance (1997-99). From 1999 to 2002, he was posted as Poland’s Ambassador to Iran. In 2003, he worked at the Department of Foreign Policy Strategy and Planning, and in 2005 became Deputy Director of the Department of Africa and the Middle East. From 2005 to 2008, he was Deputy Foreign Minister, also serving as the chief negotiator during the Poland-US missile shield talks. In 2008, he was appointed deputy head of the National Security Bureau. Since 2011 he has been a Law and Justice deputy to the seventh Sejm. In parliament, he was Deputy Chair of the Foreign Affairs Committee, and a delegate to the NATO Parliamentary Assembly. He was re-elected to the Sejm in October 2015.
Piotr Wilam is currently CEO and leading investor at Innovation Nest, a seed and venture fund for global Internet projects based in Poland. He is perhaps best known as the co-founder and first president of Poland's largest Internet portal (www.onet.pl). In addition, he founded Pascal Publishing, a market leader in travel guides, as well as the digital publishing startup, Optimus Pascal Multimedia, which became Poland's leading educational software publisher. Wilam is a philosopher and mathematician by education, earning degrees from Catholic University of Lublin (KUL), Oxford University, and London Business School.
Piotr Wilczek graduated from the University of Silesia in Katowice, Poland (1986) where he received his PhD (1992) and Habilitation (2001) degrees. He did his postgraduate work in intellectual history and Neo-Latin Studies at the Universities of Oxford (St. Anne´s College, 1988), Łódź (1989), and London (The Warburg Institute, 1996). In 2006 he was appointed Professor of the Humanities by the President of the Republic of Poland. Since 2008 he has been a tenured full professor at the Institute for Interdisciplinary Studies “Artes Liberales," University of Warsaw.
He was an assistant and associate professor at the University of Silesia (1986–2008), where he also served as Dean of the Faculty of Languages (2002–08). He was a visiting translator at The British Centre for Literary Translation, University of East Anglia (1994, 1996). From 1998 to 2001 he was a visiting professor at Rice University, the University of Illinois at Chicago, and the University of Chicago and gave public lectures at Harvard and the University of Texas at Austin. He was also a visiting scholar at Boston College (2008-10) and Cleveland State University (2012).
Marcin Terlikowski is head of European Security and Defence Economics Project. Since 2007 he has been a research fellow at PISM, between 2013 and 2014 he served as acting coordinator of International Security Programme. In his research he focuses on European defence industry and defence equipment market, European Union’s Common Security and Defence Policy, defence and military cooperation in Europe. He is the author of numerous policy reports and academic papers on European defence, defence economics, Polish security policy and crisis management operations. He co-led a number of collaborative research programs, including: The evolving concept of security: A critical evaluation across four dimensions EvoCS (2014-15), National and European Governance: Polish and Norwegian Cooperation Towards More Efficient Security, Energy and Migration Policies – GoodGov (2013-2016), Defence Austerity: a New Paradigm for Defence and Security Cooperation in the Visegrad Region (2011-2013) (DAV4); Weimar Defence Cooperation – Projects to Respond to the European Imperative (2011); Restructuring Europe's Armed Forces in Times of Austerity: A Dialog on Challenges and Opportunities for Government and Industry (2010).
Damon Wilson is Executive Vice President of the Atlantic Council, serving as both a thought leader and manager with responsibility for strategy and strategic initiatives, program development and integration, and institutional development and organizational effectiveness. His work is committed to advancing a Europe whole, free, and at peace to include Europe’s East, the Western Balkans, and the Black Sea region; to strengthening the NATO Alliance; and to fostering a transatlantic partnership capable of tackling global challenges and promoting its common values. From 2007 to 2009, Mr. Wilson served as Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for European Affairs at the National Security Council. Previously, Mr. Wilson served at the US embassy in Baghdad, Iraq as the Executive Secretary and Chief of Staff, where he helped manage one of the largest US embassies, implementing a reorganization plan which strengthened coordination, accountability, and effectiveness. He played a key role in overseeing the embassy’s effort to design and implement a civilian surge throughout Iraq. He also worked at the National Security Council as the Director for Central, Eastern, and Northern European affairs from 2004 to 2006. During this time, Mr. Wilson strengthened ties with the German Chancellery, coordinated interagency policy in support of reform in Ukraine, directed efforts to deepen engagement with America’s allies in Central and Eastern Europe, including beginning the expansion of more secure visa-free travel, and promoted close consultations with coalition partners in Iraq and Afghanistan.
Assumed the position of the President of the Management Board of Work Service S.A. in January 2016. He has an extensive professional experience in the area of management of international enterprises and public companies. In the years 2006-2013 he served as the president of Orange Polska (formerly TP), and since September 2013 he has been the chairman of the supervisory board of this company. Earlier, in 2002-2006 he held the position of a member of the management board, and later the president of Lukas Bank. In the years 1997-1998, in France, he managed the setting up for the project of commencement of Cetelem’s activity in Poland, and from 1998 to 2001 he was a member of the management board in Cetelem Polska. In July 2015 became a member of the supervisory board of TVN.
Graduate of Poznan University of Technology and postgraduate studies in the field of logistics and industrial engineering in Ecole Centrale Paris in France. Completed Advanced Management Programme in INSEAD, France.
Maciej Zieba is a Polish priest of the Order of the Preachers with an extensive history in the Roman Catholic Church and the solidarity movement in Poland. Ordained as a priest in 1987, Father Zieba was a member of the Polish resistance movement in the late 1970s and in the 1980s. In this context, from 1981 to 1988, he worked with the Solidarity trade union, established in 1980, that was opposed by the Polish regime. His efforts were recognized by the Polish state which awarded him the Officer’s Cross of the Order of Polonia Restituta, one of Poland’s highest honors.
In 1992 he co-founded the Tertio Millennio Seminar on the Free Society, which aims to increase discourse on social doctrines by connecting students in North America with students in new democracies in central and Eastern Europe. From 1998 to 2006, he served as Provincial of the Polish Province of the Dominican (Order of the Preachers). In 1999 he became a member of the Synod of Bishops under Pope John Paul II and in 2003 he was appointed to the Pontifical Council for Justice and Peace. From 2007 to 2010 he was the Director of the European Solidarity Centre in Gdansk, Poland. Father Zieba has published a multitude of books and articles ranging from democracy and economics to religion and the papacy.
Wojciech Zajączkowski was born in Bydgoszcz in 1963. In 1987 graduated from the Catholic University of Lublin (faculty of history). In 1999 obtained a Ph.D. in politics from the Polish Academy of Science. In 1990s worked as an expert at the Centre for Eastern Studies and a director of CEE Forum at the Stefan Batory Foundation. Mr. Zajączkowski has been working for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs since 1998. His posts include i.e. being a councillor in Moscow and Kiev, a deputy ambassador in Kiev, a chargé d’affaires in Turkmenistan. He also used to head the Eastern Department and was appointed a chief advisor to the Prime Minister on energy security. In 2008-2010 he worked as Polish Ambassador to Bucharest, in 2010-2014 as Polish Ambassador to Moscow. Since Sept 2014 Mr. Zajączkowski heads MFA’s Department for Foreign Policy Strategy.
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